Cerium is especially interesting because of its variable electronic structure. The energy of the inner 4f level is nearly the same as that of the outer (valence) electrons, and only small amounts of energy are required to change the relative occupancy of these electronic levels. This gives rise to dual valency states..
Melting point: 798 °C Boiling point: 3443 °C
A rod is a uniform straight strand of a pure metal with a diameter >2mm.